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List of Terms

  • Articles
    Articles in reference to Usenet are any individual messages contained in a newsgroup discussion. Articles make up all of the content available on Usenet. Articles are not necessarily the same ...
  • Backbone
    Backbone refers to the main "pipes" that Internet data travels on from one network to another (example: from Giganews to your computer). Giganews maintains multiple connections to Internet backbones. These ...
  • Completion
    Completion refers to the percentage of articles a Usenet server actually has versus how many articles that server could possibly have. Many potential issues, such as network congestion, under powered ...
  • Encrypted Usenet Access
    Encrypted Usenet access takes advantage of SSL technology to encrypt all of the data transmitted between a client machine and Usenet server. SSL is the same technology used to secure ...
  • Headers
    Information contained within a newsgroup post identifying the subject of the article, the newsgroup it was posted to, its author, the date it was created, the original Usenet server the ...
  • Hops
    A hop is a single step that data takes as it travels on the internet to its destination. Fewer hops from start to finish generally result in a faster connection. ...
  • Latency
    Latency refers to the time it takes for an Internet packet to go from one location to another location (one way latency) or from one location to another location and ...
  • News Reader
    A news reader is a program used to access Usenet newsgroups using the NNTP protocol. News readers are also commonly known as news clients, or simply readers or clients when ...
  • News Server / News Servers
    A news server is a computer in a Usenet network which is involved in the process of managing Usenet articles. News servers are responsible for storing or exchanging newsgroup articles ...
  • Newsfeed
    A newsfeed refers to all of the articles posted to Usenet newsgroups. Newsfeeds are generally measured in articles per day, terabytes per day, or megabits per second. As the world's ...
  • Newsgroup Hierarchy
    A Newsgroup Hierarchy is the organized structure newsgroups are sorted into for easy location and classification. The broadest of these hierarchies are known as top-level hierarchies (or big 8), examples ...
  • Newsgroup Provider / Usenet Provider / Usenet Service Provider
    A newsgroup provider or Usenet provider is simply a company or organization which provides access to Usenet newsgroups. A newsgroup provider may be your Internet Service Provider (ISP), corporate network, ...
  • Posts
    A post is a message contained within a Usenet newsgroup. Posts are often times referred to as newsgroup articles. A post may contain human-readable text, or binary information. Depending on ...
  • Propagation
    Propagation refers to the distribution of Usenet posts from one Usenet system to another. For example, if you were to post a newsgroup article on Giganews' Usenet servers we would ...
  • Reader Servers
    A Reader Server is a computer within a Usenet system used to allow end users to post and download Usenet articles. A reader server may also be part of a ...
  • Retention
    Retention refers to the length of time articles are stored in a Usenet system. Retention is usually determined by "first in - last out" logic where the oldest articles are ...
  • Streams
    Also known simply as a connection, a stream is an open session between a news client and a Usenet server. All Usenet traffic, from updating headers to downloading newsgroup articles, ...
  • Uncensored Usenet Newsgroups
    Usenet newsgroups are part of a global community of users. With the exception of moderated newsgroups, most newsgroups are uncensored and allow you to view a wide range of information ...
  • Usenet Access
    Usenet Access refers to the method used to read Usenet newsgroups. You can get Usenet access from your ISP, educational institution, corporate network, or through a premium provider like Giganews. ...
  • Usenet Newsgroup Outsourcing
    Newsgroup outsourcing is a method by which internet, cable, and other telecommunication providers can offer Usenet services to their customers without the need to operate an in-house Usenet server. Through ...
  • Usenet Peers
    Usenet peers refers to the other Usenet servers a Usenet system exchanges articles with. For example Giganews may exchange Usenet articles with your university's Usenet server. If this were the ...
  • Usenet Spam
    Usenet Spam typically refers to posts consisting of commercial advertising; however, certain types of abusive posts designed to disrupt newsgroups are also referred to as spam such as sporge or ...
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